Your First Hard Corals: LPS Hard Corals

Discussion in 'Beginner Discussions' started by dallasg, 10 Feb 2011.

  1. dallasg

    dallasg Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    Here is a list of MY 10 easy to keep LPS corals for the beginners, i have often been asked which to start of with so i am giving a full list of easy to keep LPS corals and their care and requirements. Once you have kept these successfully you can move on to more finicky LPS and start looking further at SPS, NPS.
    I have all of these in my very basic system and all are flourishing with minimal care specifically for this article.

    Large Polyp Stony Corals are generally larger calcareous corals with large fleshy polyps. The degree of extension of the tentacles depends upon the amount of light, current, and whether the coral is feeding or not. Most LPS corals have long sweeper tentacles which they use to keep any other organisms a safe distance away, to feed and might possibly damage other corals or livestock.

    Now when i mean easy, i dont mean you can add these in the first week of adding water, i mean your water must be perfect and tank must be cycled. prefered params as follows:

    1. Ammonnia and Nitrites at 0
    2. Nitrates < 10ppm
    3. Phosphates as close to 0 but not more than 0.25ppm
    4. Calcium around 400ppm - 450ppm
    5. Magnesium around 1350ppm
    6. alkalinity levels between 2.5-3.5 meq/L (7-10 dKH).
    7. pH 8.1-8.4
    8. sg 1.023-1.025

    Lets start off with the list:

    1. Candy Cane - (Caulastrea furcata)
    2. Trumpet Coral - (Caulastrea curvata)
    3. Brain Corals - (Trachyphyllia sp.)
    4. Short tenticle plate coral - (Fungia repanda)
    5. Bubble Corals - (Plerogyra sp.)
    6. Brain Corals - (Lobophyllia sp.)
    7. Button Corals - (Cynarina sp.)
    8. Pagoda Cup Coral - (Turbinaria peltata)
    9. Fox Coral - (Nemenzophyllia turbida)
    10. Brain Coral - (Favites spp.)
    Candy Cane - (Caulastrea furcata)
    Temperament
    : Peaceful

    Lighting:Moderate
    Waterflow
    :Medium

    Placement:All
    [​IMG]


    Trumpet Coral - (Caulastrea curvata)
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Lighting
    :Moderate

    Waterflow:Medium
    Placement:Bottom to Middle
    [​IMG]


    Brain Corals - (Trachyphyllia sp.)

    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Lighting: Moderate
    Waterflow: Medium
    Placement: Bottom
    [​IMG]


    Short tenticle plate coral - (Fungia repanda)
    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Lighting: Moderate
    Waterflow
    : Low to Medium

    Placement
    : Bottom

    [​IMG]

    Bubble Corals - (Plerogyra sp.)
    Temperament: Aggressive
    Lighting
    : Moderate
    Waterflow: Low to Medium
    Placement
    : Bottom to Middle

    [​IMG]

    Brain Corals - (Lobophyllia sp.)
    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Lighting: Moderate to High
    Waterflow
    : Medium

    Placement
    : All

    [​IMG]

    Button Corals - (Cynarina sp.)
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Lighting
    : Moderate

    Waterflow
    : Low

    Placement
    : Bottom to Middle

    [​IMG]

    Pagoda Cup Coral - (Turbinaria peltata)

    Temperament: Peaceful
    Lighting
    : Moderate

    Waterflow
    : Medium

    Placement
    : Bottom to Middle

    [​IMG]

    Fox Coral - (Nemenzophyllia turbida)

    Temperament: Peaceful
    Lighting
    : Low to Moderate

    Waterflow
    : Low

    Placement
    : Bottom

    [​IMG]

    Brain Coral - (Favites spp.)
    Temperament: Aggressive
    Lighting
    : Moderate

    Waterflow
    : Medium

    Placement: All
    [​IMG]
     
    Monde, erle_vaughan and Slagter like this.
  2. AdS Guest




    to hide all adverts.
  3. Jeann1

    Jeann1

    Joined:
    21 Dec 2010
    Posts:
    830
    Likes Received:
    18
    Location:
    Witbank - Mpumalanga
    Nice, thank you for this.

    Are all these corals photoshynthetic? "light eating" ?
     
  4. Slagter

    Slagter MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    27 Jan 2010
    Posts:
    1,734
    Likes Received:
    12
    Location:
    Randburg
    Awesome post dude!! Thanks!
     
  5. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    Yes these are all photosynthetic, making them easier to keep.

    sweet! anytime!
     
  6. Jaco Schoeman

    Jaco Schoeman MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    22 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    2,241
    Likes Received:
    48
    Location:
    JHB
    Nice Dallas... Thank you!!!

    @Jeann1 - Yes - they are all photosynthetic...

    Just out of curiousity Dallas, why not the likes of hammers, torches and frogspawn?

    I have not kept many LPS before, but is there any reason you would say those are more difficult to keep?
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
  7. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    Not saying they not good for beginners, but these 10 should be the first in the tank of LPS as they are fire and forget, where as hammers and torch etc require a litte more care with regards to food, light and water params
     
  8. archiecrain

    archiecrain

    Joined:
    23 Jun 2010
    Posts:
    1,391
    Likes Received:
    59
    Location:
    Fourways
    What do you consider "Moderate Lighting"? If I have for egsample a small 50cm cubed tanks.....?
     
  9. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    that would be used in conjunction with placement. a 50cm cube can have various lighting options, but a 400w MH would be overkill, even a 250w.
    150w mh or 4 T5's placed low in the tank, near rock work would be moderate.

    it also refers to its need for photosynthesis, less light less dependant on it, eighter it has loads of zoozanthallae or filter feeds as well
     
    Last edited: 10 Feb 2011
  10. rakabos

    rakabos

    Joined:
    12 Jul 2010
    Posts:
    5,006
    Likes Received:
    91
    Location:
    Wilgeheuwel, JHB
    I was under the impression one needs to feed candy canes and trumpets?
     
  11. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    you dont have too, but one can feed all corals. these would even benefit from broadcast feeding.
     
  12. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    for those that visited my previous house, saw them growing in my goldfish bowl pico, with nothing but sunlight and an airstone <------ dont try this at home
     
    Last edited: 10 Feb 2011
    archiecrain likes this.
  13. ChrisNell

    ChrisNell

    Joined:
    6 Nov 2007
    Posts:
    511
    Likes Received:
    4
    Location:
    Silver Lakes, Pretoria
    Nice post, thanks
     
  14. maxisoft

    maxisoft

    Joined:
    25 Oct 2010
    Posts:
    772
    Likes Received:
    9
    Location:
    Fourways, Sandton, Jhb
    Awesome thread Dallas....

    So what do you propose regarding Hammers? Since getting my hammer I dont sleep very soundly and wake up in a sweat to go and check on it... damn its stressful for a newby....
     
  15. rakabos

    rakabos

    Joined:
    12 Jul 2010
    Posts:
    5,006
    Likes Received:
    91
    Location:
    Wilgeheuwel, JHB
    Thx dallas - excellent thread. I have a frogspawn and hammer which are thriving, and took out a torch which grew too fast! They never got food except the odd reefsnow every other week. Placement counts - just enough light and flow. Too much flow and the tentacles if i can call it that rub on the hard skeleton, so just keep an eye on that and it should be pretty hard to kill a LPS
     
  16. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    your're in good hands, dont worry about the hammer

    this is normal, first signs of addiction, sorry no cure
     
  17. butcherman

    butcherman Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    7 Sep 2009
    Posts:
    11,626
    Likes Received:
    280
    Location:
    Kempton Park

    Whats your secret? :tt2:
     
  18. erle_vaughan

    erle_vaughan

    Joined:
    6 Dec 2010
    Posts:
    644
    Likes Received:
    3
    Location:
    Warner Beach
    awesome thread... 10/10

    :bigthumbup:
     
  19. Monde

    Monde

    Joined:
    22 Sep 2010
    Posts:
    161
    Likes Received:
    2
    Location:
    West Beach, Cape Town
    Thanks Dallas Awesome post
     
  20. maxisoft

    maxisoft

    Joined:
    25 Oct 2010
    Posts:
    772
    Likes Received:
    9
    Location:
    Fourways, Sandton, Jhb
    He he.... I think Dallas has webbed feet or was sprung from a mermaid.... Have you noticed he's a Vegan.... doesnt even eat Mysis!!!!;)
     
  21. dallasg

    dallasg Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

    Joined:
    14 Dec 2008
    Posts:
    16,771
    Likes Received:
    582
    Location:
    Sandton
    secret is " The most dangerous thing you can put in your tank are your hands"
    get it running and let nature take control and get balance. also its easy to maintain 3L of water.
    also was plumbed into a 1000L sump, only kidding

    glad you liked it, i am doing a fish and SPS one as well

    my pleasure

    very true... at one with the ocean
     
Recent Posts

Loading...
Similar Threads - Hard Corals Hard Forum Date
Why is SPS Corals the hardest to keep? Beginner Discussions 18 Jul 2015
Hard corals SPS Corals 23 Nov 2013
[wtd] Corals and livestock and or hardware Wanted 2 Sep 2013
Hard corals General Discussions and Advice 16 Jul 2013
water quality for hard corals General Discussions and Advice 30 Mar 2010
Hard + soft corals and fish landed Wednesday Pet Stop SA 11 Dec 2008
hardware battery Majestic Pets Solutions Monday at 14:10