very new

Discussion in 'Beginner Discussions' started by werner5, 3 Jan 2009.

  1. werner5

    werner5

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    hey guys i am new to the saltwater thing and i just want to know what is a sump and how does it work .and how do you mix the salt with the tank water sorry for the dumb questions thanx in advance:biggrin:
     
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  3. dallasg

    dallasg Moderator MASA Contributor

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    no such thing as dumb questions, only stupid questions.

    a sump is a "tank" below the tank where most of the equipment is housed.
    u mix the salt with RO water.

    have a look in the beginner forums and members tanks for setups and pics
     
  4. dogstar

    dogstar

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    Sump has some of your equipment, typically it has three chambers, one chamber for entry of the water and skimmer, one chamber for a deep sand bed, and one chamber for your other equipment and return pump.

    Since you getting an already established tank you not going to mix salt with your tank water. You will only to need to prepare salt water when you doing a water change. You going to need to mix salt with RO (reverse osmosis) water - you will need to get RO water from your lfs or buy an RO machine.
    When the water level in your sump is dropping, you normally topup with fresh RO water only - not saltwater - this is because evaporation removes the water, but not the salt.
     
  5. werner5

    werner5 Thread Starter

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    what is RO water
     
  6. dallasg

    dallasg Moderator MASA Contributor

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    Reverse Osmosis, its a form of filtering water so total disolved solids are 0.
    its like super pure water
     
  7. werner5

    werner5 Thread Starter

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    o oky cool thanx for replying so fast i like it here at masa
     
  8. werner5

    werner5 Thread Starter

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    and one more thing i need to ask what is the best beginner corals to start off with and the price of it please
     
  9. dogstar

    dogstar

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    Good question.

    But it will all depend on the type of lights you have. Find out what lights you getting with the tank. If the lights are not up to scratch, some people will say its best to not have any corals, others will recommend stuff like zoas or mushrooms.
     
  10. dallasg

    dallasg Moderator MASA Contributor

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    corals arent really for beginners, they require perfect water conditions, great lighting, and patience.
    i would add live rock and see what comes attached and let the tank settle for a few weeks before adding corals.
    but lets see what the pros say
     
  11. Rory

    Rory Admin MASA Contributor

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    Welcome to MASA Werner.

    Best beginner corals would be "softies" like mushrooms, leathers and zoanthids. They should go for between R100-300 for a rock with a few on.


    Edit: Hmmm let me rephrase that as "first" corals. Get your system set up properly and fully cycled before adding any livestock. Only add corals after adding some initial things like a clean up crew (hermit crabs, snails, shrimp, etc) and getting everything perfect first.
     
  12. werner5

    werner5 Thread Starter

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    ya i will get the tank ready and will let you guys know about it then we can talk business
     
  13. Mike

    Mike Retired Moderator

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    To mix your salt water top up, use a food safe container and fill it with R/O water (tap water that has been through a reverse osmosis filter) and a salt mix, once mixed to 35ppt (1000 parts of water to 35 parts of salt, or 1litre of water to 35grams of salt mix) add a power head (pump) to help mix and an air stone to aerate, you then need to heat to tank temp, typically 26C, and leave for a few hours to ensure properly mixed.
    You need to find a container of at least a volume of 10% of your tank volume for water changes.
    You also need to understand that, due to the temp of your tank water, you will suffer from a certain amount of water volume loss due to evaporation, this must be replaced daily with R/O water - NOT salt water mix, this is because evaporation only takes water not salt.
     
  14. werner5

    werner5 Thread Starter

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    thanx for all the info will go and do some research
     
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