Seahorse medications

Discussion in 'Other Livestock' started by butcherman, 25 Jun 2012.

  1. butcherman

    butcherman Moderator MASA Contributor

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    I was wondering.

    • What is best practise when a person gets seahorses.
    • What medications should one keep on hand.
    • What are typical signs to look out for.
     
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  3. cclarity

    cclarity

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    Tagging in this.
     
  4. shaunn

    shaunn

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    me to interesting to see how u cure ws on a seahorse that's if they even get it
     
  5. belindamotion

    belindamotion Google Master

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    I saw this the other day when looking for Praziquantel...could be an interesting read...:blush:
    Seahorse tank - Marine Aquariums of South Africa
    Marine Aquariums of South Africa - View Single Post - Seahorse tank

    Aquarium Fish: Seahorse Care: A Basic Guide To Starting Your First Herd — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

    Some Info...if you want some extra reading...:)
    Seahorse.com - Seahorse, Sea Life, Marine Life, Aquafarm Sales, Feeds and Accessories - Home
    Seahorse Disease And Treatment
     
    Last edited: 25 Jun 2012
  6. timinnl

    timinnl

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    Greetings from Amsterdam,

    Here is the list of meds off of www.seahorse.org I am not sure what is available to you over there?

    ACETAZOLAMIDE (immersion) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Acetazolamide
    Indication: gas bubble disease, edema, popeye
    Brand Name: Diamox
    Dose at 250mg per day for 3 days.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    Day 1 of Treatment
    • Crush one 250mg tablet into a fine powder.
    • Use a mini-blender or small hand-blender to thoroughly mix the powder with about 1 cup of marine
    water.
    • Allow the mixture to set for a few minutes.
    • Gently pour off the dissolved portion of the mixture and discard any residue that has settled at the
    bottom of the container. (Do NOT add the residue to the hospital tank).
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    Days 2 – 3 of Treatment
    • Perform 50% water change.
    • Repeat "Day 1" instructions.

    ACETAZOLAMIDE (pouch flush) Doseage and Preparation Instructions
    Active Ingredient: Acetazolamide
    Indication: persistent and recurring pouch emphysema
    Brand Name: Diamox
    Dose at 0.5mL of a 62.5mg/cup solution.
    Supplies: narrow gauge irrigating cannula or narrow gauge IV catheter sleeve, 0.5 or 1mL syringe without
    needle.
    • Mix 62.5mg of Diamox (1/4 of a 250mg tablet) with 1 cup (approx. 237mL) of marine water with specific
    gravity, pH, and temperture matching that of the aquarium.
    • Let the mixture settle.
    • Fill the syringe with about 0.5mL of the solution, avoiding the residue that has settled to the bottom of
    the container.
    • Hold the seahorse according to the procedure for pouch evacuations. Insert the catheter sleeve slowly
    and gently a small way into the pouch opening.
    • Inject the solution slowly into the seahorse's pouch. Leave the solution in the pouch.

    BETADINE Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Topical Application
    Active Ingredient: Povodine Iodine
    Indication: open external lesions
    • Mix 1 part Betadine solution to 5 parts saltwater marine water .
    • If the lesion is on the body, hold the head underwater in a separate bowl of tank water. Drip the solution
    onto the lesion rather than applying it with a cotton swab which could spread or aggravate the infection. A
    syringe filled with the solution would allow for ease and additional control over its the solutions
    application. Let dry momentarily and then return the seahorse to its tank.
    Apply twice a per day .

    BINOX (oral) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Manufacturer: Jungle Laboratories
    Feed adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with the medication to the Seahorse 2x per day for 10 days.
    • Add a small amount of Binox (<1/8 tsp) to one gallon of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the hospital tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    BINOX (immersion) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Manufacturer: Jungle Laboratories
    Disregard package info concerning water changes and duration of treatment. Dose medication daily for
    10 days.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    This product is best administered by feeding it to adult live brine shrimp, then in turn, feeding those
    animals to the Seahorse. If this is not an option, it may be administered as follows.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Thoroughly mix 1/2 tsp of Binox with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Thoroughly mix 1/2 tsp of Binox with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    BIOBANDAGE POWDER Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Topical Application
    Active Ingredient: Neomycin Sulfate
    Indication: open external lesions
    Note: Shake vigorously before use to evenly distribute the dry ingredients that may have partially
    segregated during shipping. Never handle fish with dry hands, always sanitize hands before and after
    handling. Gloves are recommended.
    Supplies: Have a pint of clean tap or bottled water ready before proceeding.
    • Catch the seahorse in your hand allowing it to curl its tail around your finger and settle down before
    starting. Raise the seahorse so the damaged area is out of the water.
    • Working quickly and carefully, first clean the wound with a clean cotton-tip swab, cotton ball or paper
    toweling wrapped around a finger.
    • Partially dry the wound taking care to not damage adjacent healthy skin..
    • Rinse the cleaned area with the tap or bottled water, then pat (not rub) the rinsed area with a dry swab,
    cotton ball, or paper towel to remove excess water. Please note that the cleaned area MUST remain
    moist.
    • Hold the bottle of Bio-Bandage Powder at about a 45° angle to the seahorse's body and puff enough
    powder onto the cleaned area to completely cover the wound and some of the surrounding tissue. DO
    NOT put more powder onto the area than is needed to form a flat patch. DO NOT create a mound of
    powder . DO NOT allow the tip to get wet or come in contact with fish's seahorse's body.
    • Gently lower your hand holding the treated seahorse into the water and allow the patch to become
    completely wet (hydrated).
    • Allow the seahorse to rest in your hand with little movement to assure that the gelled patch has time to
    bond with the treated area as long as possible.
    • Apply at least every 24 hours as needed.

    BIOBANDAGE GEL Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Topical Application
    Active Ingredient: Neomycin Sulfate
    Indication: open external lesions
    • Working quickly and carefully, first clean the wound with a clean cotton-tip swab, cotton ball or paper
    towel wrapped around a finger; partially dry the wound taking care to not damage adjacent healthy skin.
    • Apply enough gel to the cleaned and dried area to completely cover the wound and some surrounding
    tissue.
    • Gently return the treated seahorse to the water; allow the seahorse to rest with little movement to assure
    that the mass of the gel stays in contact with the wound for as long as possible.
    Please note that the seahorse should not be held out of the water more than 30 to 60 seconds . (Non-air
    breathing fish such as seahorses begin suffocating as soon as they are removed from the water). It is
    necessary to work quickly and efficiently, and it may be necessary for two or more people to assist.

    ENROFLOXACIN Oral Dosage and Preparation Instructions
    Active Ingredient: Enrofloxacin
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Brandnames: Baytril
    The following information is based on the most commonly available tablet sizes for Enrofloxacin/Baytril
    available in the US and abroad and an average sized seahorse of approximately 10 grams. Moderators
    are available in the Emergency and Disease and Treatment forums to assist when working with different
    tablet strengths and/or when the exact weight of the seahorse is known.
    Tube feed the seahorse 0.1mg of Enrofloxacin once a day for 10 days.
    Day 1 – 10 of Treatment
    • Crush 1/4 of a 68mg or 50mg tablet into a fine powder.
    • Use a mini-blender or small hand-blender to thoroughly mix the powder with marine water. Mix 1/4 of a
    68mg tablet with 85mL of marine water. Mix 1/4 of a 50mg tablet with 62.5mL of marine water.
    • Fill a small syringe with 0.5mL of the solution.
    • Tube feed the seahorse according to the instructions in the tube feeding drawer.
    • Throw out the unused Enrofloxacin and marine water solution. You will need to make new solution daily
    because Enrofloxacin breaks down quickly in saltwater causing it to become completely ineffective by the
    next day.
    Important Notes:
    Enrofloxacin is available only by prescription from a veterinarian.
    Enrofloxacin International Version – Tablets are produced in 15mg, 50gm, 150mg, & a 2.5% injectable
    solution
    Enrofloxacin US Version – Tablets are produced in 22.7mg, 68mg, 136mg, & a 2.27% injectable solution
    If you are able to ascertain the exact weight of your seahorse you may want to adjust the dosage as
    necessary to get the most benefit from the medication. In such an instance you would dose Enrofloxacin
    at 0.01mg of the medication per gram of body weight.
    A veterinarian who works regularly with small exotics will be familiar with the proper way to dilute
    injectable Enrofloxacin solution to fit your needs.

    FENBENDAZOLE (granules) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Deworming
    Active Ingredient: Fenbendazole
    Indication: worms and other internal parasites
    Brand Names: Panacur, Safe-Guard
    One day each week, feed two meals of adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with Fenbendazole to the Seahorse.
    Repeat for a total of 3 weeks.
    • Purchase Fenbendazole granules available as 1gm packets.
    • Thoroughly mix a single 1gm packet (~1/4tsp) into one gallon (~4 liters) of water. Please note that the
    granules will not completely dissolve.
    • This mixture will produce 222mg of Fenbendazole per gallon of water.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the quarantine tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    FENBENDAZOLE (liquid) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Deworming
    Active Ingredient: 10% Fenbendazole
    Indication: worms and other internal parasites
    Brand Names: Panacur, Safe-Guard
    One day each week, feed two meals of adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with Fenbendazole to the Seahorse.
    Repeat for a total of 3 weeks.
    • Add ~250mg (2ml or ~1/2 tsp) of the Fenbendazole mixture to one gallon (~4 liters) of water and mix
    thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the quarantine tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    FENBENDAZOLE (granules) Dosage and Preparation Instructions Hydroids
    Active Ingredient: Fenbendazole
    Indication: hydroids
    Brand Names: Panacur, Safe-Guard
    Note: This treatment is ONLY recommended for Seahorse fry nurseries and Dwarf Seahorse tanks that
    do NOT contain invertebrates/corals. (Nassarius sp. snails have been known to survive treatment).
    Residual effects of this medication may make the tank inhospitable for invertebrates for up to two years
    following treatment.
    Dose at 1mg per gallon for light infestations.
    Dose 2mg per gallon for heavy infestations.
    Repeat every other day for three treatments.
    • Purchase Fenbendazole granules available as 1gm packets.
    • Thoroughly mix a single 1gm packet into 100ml of water. (100ml is equal to a little less than 1/2 cup).
    Please note that the granules will not completely dissolve.
    • This mixture will produce 2.22mg of Fenbendazole per ml.

    FENBENDAZOLE (liquid) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Hydroids
    Active Ingredient: 10% Fenbendazole suspension
    Indication: hydroids
    Brand Names: Panacur, Safe-Guard
    Note: This treatment is ONLY recommended for Seahorse fry nurseries and Dwarf Seahorse tanks that
    do NOT contain invertebrates/corals. (Nassarius sp. snails have been known to survive treatment).
    Residual effects of this medication may make the tank inhospitable for invertebrates for up to two years
    following treatment.
    Dose 1mg per gallon (0.1 ml per 10 gal) for light infestations.
    Dose 2mg per gallon (0.2 ml per 10 gal) for heavy infestations.
    Repeat every other day for three treatments.

    FORMALIN Short-Term BATH Dosage and Preparation Instructions
    Active Ingredient: 37% Formaldehyde
    Indication: external parasites
    Brand Names: Formalin, Formalin-MS
    Notes: 1. Do NOT use Formalin that has a white residue at the bottom of the bottle. White residue
    indicates the presence of Paraformaldehyde which is very toxic. 2. "Formalin 3" by Kordon contains only
    3% Formaldehyde. Dosing instructions will need to be modified if using this product.
    • Fill a small tank with aged, aerated, dechlorinated marine water. Match the pH, temperature, and salinity
    to that of the tank the Seahorse is currently in.
    • Add an artifical hitch and 1–2 vigorously bubbling airlines. Formalin reduces dissolved O2 so heavy
    aeration is required.
    • Add 1ml/cc of Formalin per one gallon (3.8 liters) of tank water. Allow several minutes for the Formalin
    to disperse.
    • Place the Seahorse into the dip water for 45–60 minutes unless it is showing signs of an adverse
    reaction. If the Seahorse cannot tolerate the Formalin dip, immediately move it back to the hospital tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse for 24hrs for signs of improvement.

    FORMALIN Long-Term BATH (adults and fry) Dosage and Preparation Instructions
    Active Ingredient: 37% Formaldehyde
    Indication: external parasites
    Brand Names: Formalin, Formalin-MS
    Dose at 2 drops per gallon, or 1ml per 10g, every other day for 3 treatments.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    Notes: 1. Do NOT use Formalin that has a white residue at the bottom of the bottle. White residue
    indicates the presence of Paraformaldehyde which is very toxic.
    2. "Formalin 3" by Kordon contains only 3% Formaldehyde. Dosing instructions will need to be modified if using this product.
    When using 3% Formalin, dose 10 times what is needed for 37% formalin. Use 20 drops per gallon, or 1mL per ONE gallon.

    • Mix the appropriate amount of Formalin with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank or fry nursery.

    FURAN-2 (oral) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone and Furazolidone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Feed adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with the medication to the Seahorse 2x per day for 10 days.
    • Add 1/4 to 1/2 packet of Furan-2 to one gallon of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the hospital tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    FURAN-2 (immersion) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone and Furazolidone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Disregard package info concerning water changes and duration of treatment. Dose medication daily for
    10 days.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    This product is best administered by feeding it to adult live brine shrimp, then in turn, feeding those
    animals to the Seahorse. If this is not an option, it may be administered as follows.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Thoroughly mix one packet of Furan-2 with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Thoroughly mix one packet of Furan-2 with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    FURANASE (oral) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nifurpirinol
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Feed adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with the medication to the Seahorse 2x per day for 10 days.
    • Dissolve 1/4 to 1/2 tablet of Furanase in 1 gallon of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the hospital tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    FURANASE (immersion) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nifurpirinol
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Dose medication daily for 10 days.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    This product is best administered by feeding it to adult live brine shrimp, then in turn feeding those
    animals to the Seahorse. If this is not an option, it may be administered as follows.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Dissolve 2 tablets of Furanase in about 1 cup of marine water and mix thoroughly.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Dissolve 1 tablet of Furanase in about 1 cup of marine water and mix thoroughly.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    MARACYN-TWO (saltwater version) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital
    Tank
    Active Ingredient: Minocycline
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Disregard package info concerning duration of treatment. Dose medication daily for 10 days.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    Note: There are two versions of Maracyn-Two. One is marked "Saltwater" and one is marked
    "Freshwater". The difference in the two is the amount of medication each packet contains. The saltwater
    version contains 20mg Minocycline/packet whereas the freshwater version contains 10 mg Minocycline/
    packet.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Mix 2 packets of Maracyn-Two with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Mix 1 packet of Maracyn-Two with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    METHYLENE BLUE Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: 2.303% solution Chloride Salt of Methylene Blue
    Indication: ammonia burns, nitrite poisoning, cyanide poisoning
    Dose at 1tsp (~5ml) for 3 – 5 days.
    Note: Methylene Blue will stain artificial hitches, decor, live rock, etc., and the silicone sealant in
    aquariums.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.

    METHYLENE BLUE DIP Dosage and Preparation Instructions
    Active Ingredient: 2.303% solution Chloride Salt of Methylene Blue
    Indication: nitrite poisoning, cyanide poisoning, some fungus, some external parasites
    Dose at 5tsp (~24ml) per 3 gallons (~11 liters).
    Note: Methylene Blue will stain artificial hitches, decor, live rock, etc., and the silicone sealant in
    aquariums.
    • Fill a tank/container with 3 gallons (~11 liters) of aged, well aerated, dechlorinated marine water. Match
    the pH, temperature, and salinity to that of the tank the Seahorse is currently in.
    • Add 5tsp (~24ml) of Methylene Blue to the tank/container. Mix well.
    • Place the Seahorse into the dip water for NO longer than 10 SECONDS.
    • Remove the Seahorse from the dip water and place it in a hospital tank.

    METRONIDAZOLE Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Deworming
    Active Ingredient: Metronidazole
    Indication: flagellates and other internal parasites
    Brand Names: Metro+, Metro-Pro, Metronidazole, Metro-MS, Flagyl. Flagyl is available by prescription
    from your local veterinarian.
    One day each week, feed two meals of adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with Metronidazole to the Seahorse.
    Repeat for a total of 3 weeks.
    • If using tablets, crush one tablet into a fine powder. If using powder, dose 1/4tsp.
    • Add the Metronidazole to one gallon (~4 liters) of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the quarantine tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    NEOMYCIN Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank (when used alone for
    severe infections)
    Active Ingredient: Neomycin
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Brandnames: National Fish Pharmaceuticals, AgriLabs. (Biosol, Neomix, and NeoMed can sometimes be
    found at feed supply stores).
    Maintain a level of 1250mg per day for 10 days UNLESS there are signs kidney problems (edema/
    bloating). If the Seahorse is symptomatic for kidney failure reduce all dosage amounts by 1/2.
    Note: Neomycin is available in both liquid and powder forms. For AgriLabs liquid Neomycin 6ml per 10g is
    equal to ~1250mg.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Mix 1250mg of Neomycin with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Mix 625mg of Neomycin with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    NEOMYCIN Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank (when used
    concurrently with Triple Sulfate)
    Active Ingredient: Neomycin
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Brandnames: National Fish Pharmaceuticals, AgriLabs. (Biosol, Neomix, and NeoMed can sometimes be
    found at feed supply stores).
    Maintain a level of 400mg per day for 10 days
    Note: Neomycin is available in both liquid and powder forms. For AgriLabs liquid Neomycin 2ml per 10g is
    equal to ~400mg.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Mix 400mg of Neomycin with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Mix 200mg of Neomycin with ~1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    NEOSPORIN Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Topical Application
    Active Ingredient: Neomycin Sulfate
    Indication: open external lesions.
    Brandnames: Neosporin and generic triple antibiotic ointments are available at pharmacies and discount
    stores.
    Note: Please do NOT use ointments that list Pramoxine HCl or other pain relievers in their ingredients.
    • If the lesion is on the body, hold the head underwater and gently apply the ointment with a cotton swab.
    Try not to disturb the wound with the applicator.
    • A thin coating is enough.
    • Apply twice per day .
    Note: Do not use ointments that list Pramoxine HCl or other pain relievers in their ingredients

    NITROFURAZONE POWDER (oral) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital
    Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Manufacturer: National Fish Pharmaceuticals
    Feed adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with the medication to the Seahorse 2x per day for 10 days.
    • Add a tiny amount (<1/8 tsp) of Nitrofurazone Powder to one gallon of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the hospital tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    NITROFURAZONE POWDER (immersion) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L
    Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Nitrofurazone
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Manufacturer: National Fish Pharmaceuticals
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    This product is best administered by feeding it to adult live brine shrimp, then in turn, feeding those
    animals to the Seahorse. If this is not an option, it may be administered as follows.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Thoroughly mix 1/8 tsp of Nitrofurazone Powder with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Thoroughly mix 1/8 tsp of Nitrofurazone Powder with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    PRAZIQUANTEL Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Deworming
    Active Ingredient: Praziquantel
    Indication: worms and other internal parasites
    Brand Names: PraziPro, Praz-Tastic, Praziquantel
    One day each week, feed two meals of adult brine shrimp gut-loaded with Praziquantel to the Seahorse.
    Repeat for a total of 3 weeks.
    • Add 10ml (~2tsp) of Praziquantel to one gallon (~4 liters) of water and mix thoroughly.
    • Place the amount of adult brine shrimp needed for one feeding into the mixture. Leave them in the
    mixture for at least 2hrs.
    • Remove the adult brine shrimp from the mixture and add them to the quarantine tank.
    • Observe the Seahorse to be certain it is eating the adult brine shrimp.

    TRIPLE SULFATE (Sulfa/Sulpha) Dosage and Preparation Instructions for a 10g/38L Hospital Tank
    Active Ingredient: Sodium Sulfathiazole, Sodium Sulfamethazine, and Sodium Sulfacetamide
    Indication: bacterial infection
    Brand Names: Triple Sulfa, Triple Sulpha, Trisulfa
    Dose per package instructions for 10 days. (Normally ~380mg per day for 10 days). Disregard package
    info concerning water changes.
    Replace the medication in ratio to the amount of water changed daily as needed to control ammonia.
    DAY 1 of Treatment
    • Thoroughly mix the medication with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.
    DAYS 2 – 10 of Treatment
    • Perform a 50% water change.
    • Thoroughly mix the medication with about 1 cup of marine water.
    • Pour the mixture into a high-flow area of the hospital tank.

    WOUND CONTROL Dosage and Preparation Instructions for Topical Application
    Active Ingredient: Merbromin
    Indication: open external lesions.
    Note: Wound Control is a product of Aquatronics, which has since gone out of business. However, this
    product has no expiration date, so although it is difficult to find, it may be used when located.
    • If the lesion is on the body, hold the head underwater in a separate bowl of tank water. Drip the solution
    onto the lesion rather than applying it with a cotton swab which could spread or aggravate the infection. A
    syringe filled with the solution would ease this process and allow for added control over its application. Let
    dry momentarily and then return seahorse to their tank.
    • Place 1 – 2 drops directly on the wound .
    • Apply twice per day .
     
  7. Dorry

    Dorry dorry

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    Thank you Tim for all the information.


    Kind Regards.

    Elize Ceronio.
     
  8. Steve Warren

    Steve Warren

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    If you can get hold of a vet that works with livestock, they can often get hold of small enough amounts of liquid panacur rather than you have to buy larger amounts. I also think it would be a good idea to possibly dose juvenile tropical marines that are collected.
     
    Last edited: 30 Oct 2012
  9. Quintin

    Quintin

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    @Sea-Horse will have some valuable input on this.
    Asked him the same questions tonight when I was there at this place.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
  10. Sea-Horse

    Sea-Horse

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    Nice list from Tim and probably the most extensive list you will ever need.

    My basic rule of thumb when keeping Sea-horses and a sudden problem is noted are:

    1. Drop the temps.
    2. Add a airline.
    3. Where possible move the Seahorse with symptoms to a medicine tank
    4. Your Chemist should help with Panacur tabs.

    In order to feed meds to seahorses.
    1. Use Brine shrimp
    2. Make a solution out of the medicine and a little water
    3. Add the Brine Shrimp to the water and leave for 30 min - 60 min
    4. Brine shrimp are filter feeders and your sea-horse should take the food without problem.

    The most likely problems experienced with Captive bred Seahorses are either Bacterial (fin or tail rot). Pen raised seahorses sufferig from tail-rot often have their tails chopped directly behind the point of injury instead of being treated.

    The most "milady" that hit's sea-horses are gas bubble desease. Massaging the tummy while keeping the Sea-horse under water and working the pouch from the bottom to the top should releas the air. I have one Sea-horse who seems to capture air. Some Seahorses seem prone to this problem even when treated

    trust this helps ;-)
     
  11. Dorry

    Dorry dorry

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    Hi, thanks for the info on the seahorses, this first step help a lot for us that is not experts on seahorses. Nothing wrong with Tim info, it is a lot to take in immediately and for me staying 90 min away form nearest shop.
     
  12. Sea-Horse

    Sea-Horse

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    Thanks - thats why guys like Tim, Steven and myself are so handy. Tim knows his seahorses, Steven knows what is easily obtained in South Africa and I am the one asking the questions ;)
     
  13. butcherman

    butcherman Thread Starter Moderator MASA Contributor

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    thanks for the list guys :thumbup:
     
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