new build designs

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Advice' started by BrandonLotz, 15 Aug 2013.

  1. BrandonLotz

    BrandonLotz

    Joined:
    24 Jun 2013
    Posts:
    221
    Likes Received:
    18
    Location:
    Fairland
    Good evening
    Is there any advice or book to follow when setting up a new build. I have read so many ideas etc of what to do and not to do but how do you work out flow rates, return rates.
    How big does your sump need to be.
    Any help greatly appreciated.
    Regards
    Brandon
     
  2. AdS Guest




    to hide all adverts.
  3. Darkice

    Darkice

    Joined:
    22 May 2013
    Posts:
    74
    Likes Received:
    0
    Location:
    Kemptonpark
    Put up your tank specs,
    Maybe this will help?
     
    Last edited: 15 Aug 2013
  4. Gesiggie

    Gesiggie Challenge accepted

    Joined:
    2 Sep 2011
    Posts:
    2,151
    Likes Received:
    35
    Location:
    Potchefstroom
    @BrandonLotz
    There are quite a few questions to be answered before we can try help you :blush:
    First and foremost, what type of setup do you want to go for? FO / FOWLR / Mixed reef?
    This will determine what type of hardware / filtration you will need.

    Secondly, what space do you have available?
    This might be your overall limiting factor, also bear in mind as to where the setup will be placed, as this can influence your hardware selection...

    Thirdly, how much time do you have for maintenance, routine procedures, feeding, etc.
    If you are a hands-on person, you might want to go for high-maintenance inmates (in the long run) or if you are a frequent traveler (lake a lot of fellow hobbyists) then you might want to look at low-maintenance inmates and equipment / filtration.

    Once you have thought about these questions, (and give feedback :) ) We can move on the the next few topics...like filtration, stocking list, lights, flow...
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
  5. pkc

    pkc

    Joined:
    17 Oct 2008
    Posts:
    632
    Likes Received:
    16
    Location:
    Brisbane-Queensland-Australia
    Firstly there is no such thing as a sump to small, and its called a sump but that is not what an external bio system actually is!
    The only bad external bio system you can have is one that is able to become to dirty!!
    From that size issue I mean it can be in the next room or just tucked under your aquarium, the main thing is that this area is not just for housing skimmers, reactors as such, its all about surface area of both high oxygen and low oxygen to house your nitrogen cyclers.
    Flow rate-work out how much water you will have roughly in both aquarium and external bio filter and your return pump should achieve around 5 times that amount.
    For wave makers or power heads creating current in your aquarium other then the return pump, the flow rate should be for combined in tank pumps, they should achieve 20 to 40 times the aquariums water content per hour.
    It’s all written on your pumps-wave makers for you to work out what they can do.

    To test a power head-return pump start the pump with the hose you will use using salt water and hold it at the height of where it will go into your aquarium with same sized pipe that you will be attaching it to, catch the water for 15 seconds at that height, measure that amount of water and multiply it by 4 and you have your return pumps actual flow to the aquarium.
    Do not make the hose from your return pump to the aquarium the same size as the pumps exit you attach it to, the hose has to bigger in diameter or it will reduce your water pressure.
    This water is not about lifting, it is about pressurising that hose to return your waters.

    So if the out let of your return pump is 15 mill across then your return hose should be 20 to 25 mill across.
    Heat the end of your exit and make it splayed and then heat the hose in hot water and put an electrical tie on it so it will never pop off when under pressure.
     
    Last edited: 16 Aug 2013
  6. BrandonLotz

    BrandonLotz Thread Starter

    Joined:
    24 Jun 2013
    Posts:
    221
    Likes Received:
    18
    Location:
    Fairland
    Thank you
    I will put the questions up as i go along. It also gets tricky with all the chemical substituttions for your water fish and corals.
    @pkc does a sump need a high oxygen area as well as a low area.
    My tank in mind is 1.8x.450x.600 high.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
  7. pkc

    pkc

    Joined:
    17 Oct 2008
    Posts:
    632
    Likes Received:
    16
    Location:
    Brisbane-Queensland-Australia
    Yes, there should be aerobic and anaerobic/anoxic, but the later is a slower process that needs quite a lot of surface area to act upon nitrates.

    Your live rock will always have space as in surface area out of the light for most of the needed aerobic functions, but anaerobic with live rock decreases over time as it gets permeated with rubbish and phosphorus and there is no way to stop this, slow it yes, take it out and clean it yes, but to stop it, there is no way!!

    Nitrate reduction is achieved at its best via granules of calcium media of a great content below the surface areas that are oxygen rich.
    This is obviously common as in a bed if media you might say, but this bed needs to be rubbish free as any bed of media will become a breeding ground for hydrogen sulphide that equates to sulphur and will impair nitrate reducing bacteria.

    Sulphur is good in small doses, but a rubbish permeated bed will enact negatively upon your tank life as time goes on.

    There are many ways to make a wonderfully clean bed and the best space saving way is to make it vertical.

    I will try to explain how to make something simple and extremely affective to keep rubbish away from your nitrate reduction areas briefly later on and how to make a very affective vertical aerobic and anaerobic environment.
     
    Last edited: 19 Aug 2013
Recent Posts

Loading...
Similar Threads - build designs Forum Date
Cabinet Builder - midrand/kyalami General Discussions and Advice 25 Nov 2016
Tank Builder Anything DIY Related 17 Nov 2016
[wtd] Tank Builder Cape Town Wanted 15 Nov 2016
2000x600x600 DIY Tank Build Beginner Discussions 11 Nov 2016
The tank build Medium Tanks 22 Oct 2016
The shallow reef tank build is here... Members Systems and Setups 16 Oct 2016
New acrylic build!!! Beginner Discussions 14 Aug 2016