Common reef pests (draft)

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Advice' started by rakabos, 16 Nov 2012.

  1. rakabos

    rakabos

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    I am busy writing up a thread on common pets in a reef tank, what do u guys think of the format? Comments, changes?



    I have on the scope the following


    1. GHA
    2. Cyanobacteria
    3. Coral eating nudis
    4. Asterinas
    5. Aiptasia
    6. Majano

    7. Bryopsis
    8. Flatworms
    9. Pyramid snails
    10. Sundial snails
    11. Mantis shrimps









    Common pests and how to tackle them

    Hi guys. I thought I would spend some time today and write up about some of the common issues we all face in a reef tank. I have had experience with every single one of these at some point, and will try and share what worked, and what didn’t work and how to combat them, and prevent them in the first place!

    1.
    Green Hair Algae (GHA)

    a. What it is
    One of the most common forms of algae in a tank, it usually takes hold after cycling and can get into the water seemingly without a known cause. Usually enters on live rock, frags etc. If it is not kept in check it can quickly get out of control and overrun a system, growing in between corals and starving them of light, ultimately killing them. And worse than that its just plain UGLY

    b. What it looks like
    [​IMG]
    c. How to prevent it
    One can never really prevent it, but keeping phosphates and nitrates in check will certainly help

    d. How to combat it
    Chemicals
    Well people say keep your phosphates and nitrates low or close to zero. This definitely helps with all algae types, so keep it in check to start with. Various products such as Red Sea Nitrate and Phosphate remover can be used. Also look at NP pellet reactors, regular water changes, bio- cubes etc. I personally run everything I can if it makes sense. Currently on SeaGel and a pellet reactor
    Biological
    Another way to combat it is with livestock that feed on it. I have personally had great success with emerald crabs and also tangs. My yellow tang eats any filamentous algae that pops up, pretty unusual, I guess I got lucky in that respect. Sea hairs are also a known predator of GHA. Other options are keeping macro algae in your sump, or creating a more suitable environment for the algae to grow such as an algae scrubber/turf scrubber

    e. What not to do
    Do not try and pull it off with your fingers. The tiny pieces u don’t grab hold of end up in the water column and end up spreading the problem to other rocks in the tank
     
    Last edited: 16 Nov 2012
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  3. WarrenElvis

    WarrenElvis

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    I like it @rakabos . Would be nice to get all the info into one thread. I have an app for Iphone called Aquarium Hitchhikers which is quite useful. But would be nice to have the info and input coming from local knowledge. As far as your setup, i am happy with it. What i like about your approach which the app that i have doesn't help with. Is the issue on how to deal with it. So yeah big ups from me man:thumbup:
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
  4. dallasg

    dallasg Moderator MASA Contributor

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    will be a great reference :thumbup:
     
  5. belindamotion

    belindamotion Google Master

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    Nice...:thumbup:..how about adding Bristleworms to the List...:p..As soon as I sorted out my Aiptasia epidemic, I'm off to tackle my Bristleworm infestation...:(
     
  6. Fuzzy

    Fuzzy

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    Very well done...and great idea..
     
  7. vatso

    vatso

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    Great idea

    you going to need better and more pictures of each of these problems


    I can help with the Cyanobacteria I am currently going through that at the moment
     
  8. Gesiggie

    Gesiggie Challenge accepted

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    Nice one Martin
    Hitchiker crabs could be added?? :blush: And then it should be made a sticky...
    So list nr 2 would be type of equipment
    List nr 3 for filtration?;)
     
  9. rakabos

    rakabos Thread Starter

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  10. Gesiggie

    Gesiggie Challenge accepted

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    :thumbup:
    And then you could of course add supplements and additives as list no 4:p
     
    Last edited: 16 Nov 2012
  11. student

    student

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    good idea!

    dont forget to include damsels on the list:tt2:
     
  12. carlosdeandrade

    carlosdeandrade

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  13. mandrin

    mandrin

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    i like it @rakabos great
    great reference for us all bud
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 26 Nov 2015
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