Articles

Articles written by members about the hobby.

  1. Quick Guide to cleaning marine pumps and equipment with household vinegar (Acetic acid)

    Guys and girls as you would have come to realise by now as a seasoned aquarist husbandry and maintenance are the order of the day when it comes to marine aquaria and actually anything in life if you want to preserve and achieve an optimal lifespan out of a working motor etc, The process for cleaning is very simple, Here I have a Jebao RW15 pump which I’ve had running in my system for 6 months Its encrusted with coralline and other slime algae through me dosing calcium based additives in...
  2. Setting up a reeftank

    Setting up a reef tank So these are the basics to setting up a reef tank, there are many different ways of doing it so don't shoot me if I forget something[emoji12] Firstly you've gotta buy the tank. Deciding on what size tank is probably the most important thing, too small and it will be difficult to keep stable. So my advice is go for the biggest tank your budget allows. IMO 250-500 litres is a great size to start with. Boyu tl 550s are also a very nice all in one setup and so are the...
  3. KEEPING SPS PART 3, pH

    One way to get a few “agrees” on the local aquarium forums would be to state that this article is slightly overdue, for more “agrees” I guess I should state it is significantly overdue. My apologies for the delay, this roller coaster called life has still not allowed me much time for researching, reading and writing, but one reaches a point where doing what you enjoy seems like the only viable option. So, without further ado… I think it is time for…… Keeping SPS, Part 3, Parameters: pH...
  4. My favourite algae eating (herbivorous) marine fish

    I thought I would put something together for those new to the hobby or those not familiar with which fish are good herbivores to help control the various nuisance algae’s that can grow and become a nuisance in our home aquariums. Yes there are many various forms of chemical and other filtrations suitable for controlling algae growth, but I think it is very important not to overlook the importance and value of herbivorous fish and invertebrates for your aquarium. There are also many different...
  5. Keeping SPS Part 2, Its Salty

    Keeping SPS Part 2, Parameters. 2. A) Salinity Next to filtration methods, the most discussed part of our hobby amongst aquarists is probably parameters. It is generally the first port of call when hobbyists experience problems with small polyp scleractinians, or for that matter any of their precious charges, and correctly so. Simply put, the ocean from which our corals originate has a specific composition of elements, each in a specific ratio to make up the largest concoction of salty...
  6. Keeping sps, part 1, the water

    My Thoughts on Keeping SPS. PART 1A So……… You want try your hand at keeping corals commonly referred to as sps. Who can blame you; after all, those sticks are challenging, fast growing, colourful and always in demand..... In my experience, the logical progression for a reefer is generally along the lines of: glass box filled with fish, then some hardy soft corals, then some more soft corals, followed by hardy corals with calcium carbonate skeletons (generally referred to as lps),...
  7. Your First Marine Invertebrates - Choosing a Clean up crew - CUC

    Ok so you have just setup your tank and let the cycle complete, now you want to add your clean up crew, well read on and enjoy! Ok, so the CUC for beginners come in 4 different families namely: Crabs Shrimps Starfish Snails there are others like urchins and sea cucumbers but these we will leave for the more mature tanks and advanced reefers. Now not all animals in each category are reef, fish or beginner safe so i am going to choose the ones that are commonly available and safe and used...
  8. Marine Aquarium Cycle

    Cycling your marine aquarium. One of the hardest and longest things a marine aquarium hobbyist will encounter is the cycle of a new aquarium. The excitement and anticipation of starting a new tank is often met with disappointment when finding out you now have to wait 4 to 6 weeks for your new tank to cycle. In this article I will highlight the common processes involved with cycling a new aquarium. To start off you have your tank, you add salt water, substrate and live rock. You will...
  9. BASIC Sump Design - Illustrated

    This thread is a thread designed for people entering this hobby, it is by no means the be all and end all of sump designs. I am also not going to argue the merits of this vs dozens of other sump options. One of several accepted sump design concepts that is often recommended on MASA is the so called 3 chamber Skimmer DSB Return sump. This thread is an attempt to answer new members questions on how to implement THIS design. Before you choose to go with this Sump design, it is your...
  10. Filters and Filter Media for Saltwater Aquariums

    I came across this article and found it to pretty useful. Hopefully our newbies will benefit from it. Filtration systems are the backbone of our saltwater aquariums. Without some method of breaking down waste produced by the organisms in our aquariums, our fish and invertebrates would end up, for lack of a better term, living in a cesspool of their own waste. Our #1 priority as aquarists is to provide the highest quality water we can for our wet friends to live in. In this...
  11. Topping Up

    Topping Up your tank Due to evaporation marine tank's require topping up with Reverse Osmosis(R/O)water. As evaporation takes place salinity in the aquarium rises as only moisture is lost and no minerals thus topping-up is done with pure water. This can be done manually on a daily basis, or via an Auto top up unit designed for the purpose. Auto Top Up Units Auto top up units are a very effective way to replace water that has evaporated from your system, generally a float switch...
  12. Heaters

    Aquarium Heaters Heaters are used to keep temperatures stable above ambient temperature. Heaters are considered a cheap addition in general. Most used are glass immersion heaters and they have a temperature range of about 20-30 degrees celcius. Power A heaters strength is determined by its wattage, the larger the tank, and the colder ambient temperature the higher the wattage needed to heat the aquarium. Heaters generally come in the following wattages - 50w, 75w, 100w, 150w, 200w,...
  13. Chillers

    Aquarium Chillers Chillers are used to keep an aquarium's temperature below ambient temperature. Chillers usually have a built in temperature controller and switch on when they detect the temperature of the water is higher than what you have set it to. They are basically a compressor (makes one side cold and the other really hot) and a radiator (cools down the hot side of the compressor by having a fan blow over metal fins). Chillers need to be well ventilated as they blow out a lot of hot...
  14. Canister Filters

    What is a canister filter? A canister filter is a plastic unit which holds the filter media with a motor unit attached on top. Canister filters needs to be under the tank water level as it is a gravity fed system with a return pump. If you buy a proper (read more expensive) brand of canister filter you will only have to clean the filter once every 3 months, some of the top units come with an indicator which alerts the user when it is time to clean it. Some canister filters comes with a...
  15. Anemone's

    It is strongly advised that anemones only be added after your tank has reached a certain level of maturity, since most ornamental anemones prefer crystal clear water, stable water parameters, strong flow and strong illumination. If everything was done correctly, this can be as soon as 6-9 months. Before purchasing an anemone, a couple of things should be kept in mind (see The Anemone FAQ). Anemones collected from the reef are central to the symbiotic relationship with clown fish. Clown...
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