water parameters

Discussion in 'Beginner Discussions' started by Wetty, 14 Oct 2008.

  1. Wetty

    Wetty Rockford Fosgate Fish

    Posts: 511
    17 Jul 2008
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    Alberton ,Johannesburg

    I know u guys are gona tell me to search. But im not asking wot to look for...im asking that we do a list of :

    Water parameters.

    Perfect parameters ( in a perfact world these are wot we will get )
    Actual wanted parameters ( as close to perfect as possible )
    Acceptable parameters ( can be used...but need to be improved )
    Dangerous parameters. ( ur fish and reef are gona die with these )
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  3. Mike

    Mike Retired Moderator

    Posts: 7,859
    12 May 2007
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    the Motherland

    A little tricky but, the main ones;-

    Calcium - around 400-450ppm - lower or higher will not kill.
    Ammonia - anything above zero is dangerous.
    Nitrite - as ammonia - over zero not good.
    Nitrate - under ten is great, over 50, not good, over 100 - bad.
    Phosphate - zero is ok, anything else bad.
    PH - 8 - 9 is ok anything else not ok.
    Mag - around 1300 is cool
    Copper - zero, anything else seriously bad, even a trace of copper can kill your inverts and fish don't care for it much either.
    dkh - around 8-12 will be ok.

    Then you have strontium, iodine and many others, regular water changes help loads. (10% weekly)

    But this is all very simple, the balance between dkh/mag/calcium/ph is more important, and understanding why is even more important, don't just buy the test kits, buy the books so you can understand the relationships between the different elements.
    viper357 likes this.
  4. Ocean

    Ocean Lazy Sea Slug

    Posts: 1,217
    14 Nov 2007
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    In RED this is my opinion.
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